Blue Duiker

Duiker, Blue

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  • Information
  • Conservation
  • Lifestyle

Description

Inhabiting Africa’s forests, the blue duiker gets its name from the bluish hairs on its back.  The dark coat, which varies geographically from gray to brown, helps it to conceal itself in the dim light of the forest.  The blue duiker is one of the smallest antelope in the world which allows it to easily maneuver through dense undergrowth. These antelope exhibit reverse sexual dimorphism, in that the females are slightly larger than the males. Horns are typically 1-4 in (2-10 cm) in males, and may be shorter or occasionally absent in females.

Classification

Class
Mammalia
Order
Cetartiodactyla
Family
Bovidae
Genus
Philantomba
Species
P. monticola
Conservation Status
Least Concern

Key Facts

Height
12-16 in (~30-40 cm)
Weight
8-12 lb (~3.8-5.4 kg)

The IUCN Red List describes Philantomba monticola as a species of Least Concern. It is one of the most abundant forest antelope with an estimated population of 7 million.

Social Life
Living in monogamous pairs with their young, blue duikers are mostly active during the day, primarily at dawn and dusk. They defend territories patrolled by both sexes, regularly marking their scent throughout. When invaders are encountered or males are competing they ram one another repeatedly with their horns.

Habitat and Range
Blue duikers are found in a variety of forested habitats including rain forests, riverine forests, dense thickets, and montane forests. They are found in abundance throughout central and southern Africa.

Diet
Blue duikers are primarily herbivores eating fruit, leaves, buds, shoots, grains, nuts and grasses but will also consume insects and eggs.

Lifespan
In captivity, blue duikers typically live for 10-15 years. Their lifespan is shorter in the wild with the oldest known individual surviving to age 12.

Predators
The small size of blue duikers leaves them vulnerable to many species, including but not limited to leopards, small cats, civets, eagles, crocodiles, wild dogs, pythons, monitors, baboons, hyenas, and humans.

Reproduction
Sexual maturity: Male: 12-18 months, Female: 9-12 months
Mating Season: Year-round
Birth Season:     Year-round
Gestation:          7.5 months
No. of Young:     1, rarely twins

Information

Description

Inhabiting Africa’s forests, the blue duiker gets its name from the bluish hairs on its back.  The dark coat, which varies geographically from gray to brown, helps it to conceal itself in the dim light of the forest.  The blue duiker is one of the smallest antelope in the world which allows it to easily maneuver through dense undergrowth. These antelope exhibit reverse sexual dimorphism, in that the females are slightly larger than the males. Horns are typically 1-4 in (2-10 cm) in males, and may be shorter or occasionally absent in females.

Classification

Class
Mammalia
Order
Cetartiodactyla
Family
Bovidae
Genus
Philantomba
Species
P. monticola
Conservation Status
Least Concern

Key Facts

Height
12-16 in (~30-40 cm)
Weight
8-12 lb (~3.8-5.4 kg)
Conservation

The IUCN Red List describes Philantomba monticola as a species of Least Concern. It is one of the most abundant forest antelope with an estimated population of 7 million.

Lifestyle

Social Life
Living in monogamous pairs with their young, blue duikers are mostly active during the day, primarily at dawn and dusk. They defend territories patrolled by both sexes, regularly marking their scent throughout. When invaders are encountered or males are competing they ram one another repeatedly with their horns.

Habitat and Range
Blue duikers are found in a variety of forested habitats including rain forests, riverine forests, dense thickets, and montane forests. They are found in abundance throughout central and southern Africa.

Diet
Blue duikers are primarily herbivores eating fruit, leaves, buds, shoots, grains, nuts and grasses but will also consume insects and eggs.

Lifespan
In captivity, blue duikers typically live for 10-15 years. Their lifespan is shorter in the wild with the oldest known individual surviving to age 12.

Predators
The small size of blue duikers leaves them vulnerable to many species, including but not limited to leopards, small cats, civets, eagles, crocodiles, wild dogs, pythons, monitors, baboons, hyenas, and humans.

Reproduction
Sexual maturity: Male: 12-18 months, Female: 9-12 months
Mating Season: Year-round
Birth Season:     Year-round
Gestation:          7.5 months
No. of Young:     1, rarely twins

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Duiker, Blue