East African Crowned Crane

Crane, East African Crowned

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  • Information
  • Conservation
  • Lifestyle

Description

A tall, majestic bird with a “crown” of golden feathers. It has large white cheek patches with a small red patch at the top.  They are slate gray with white upper and under wing coverts, black legs, and a black bill.

Classification

Class
Aves
Order
Gruiformes
Family
Gruidae
Genus
Balearica
Species
B. regulorum gibbericeps
Conservation Status
Endangered

Key Facts

Height
3-3.5 ft (~100-110 cm)
Weight
6-9 lb (~3-4 kg)

The IUCN Red List describes Balearic regulorum as Endangered. Habitat loss and degradation such as the draining of swamps and marshland for agriculture account for much of the species decline. An additional factor is the illegal removal of these birds and their eggs for a variety of purposes including international trade.

 

Social life
East African crowned cranes are social and gregarious during most of the year, moving about in flocks of up to 100 and roosting in trees or riverbeds.

Habitat
Eastern Zaire, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania. They are found in marshes and grasslands near rivers and lakes as well as near cultivated land.

Diet
Omnivorous, feeding on grains, berries, small fruits, tender roots, insect larvae, worms, snails, amphibians, reptiles, small birds and mammals, and a few fish.

Lifespan
22 years in the wild, but the oldest captive crane on record lived for 43 years.

Reproduction
Sexual maturity: 3 years.
Mating Season: Varies with the rains
Incubation: 28-35 days.
Number of young: 2-3 pale blue eggs.

Information

Description

A tall, majestic bird with a “crown” of golden feathers. It has large white cheek patches with a small red patch at the top.  They are slate gray with white upper and under wing coverts, black legs, and a black bill.

Classification

Class
Aves
Order
Gruiformes
Family
Gruidae
Genus
Balearica
Species
B. regulorum gibbericeps
Conservation Status
Endangered

Key Facts

Height
3-3.5 ft (~100-110 cm)
Weight
6-9 lb (~3-4 kg)
Conservation

The IUCN Red List describes Balearic regulorum as Endangered. Habitat loss and degradation such as the draining of swamps and marshland for agriculture account for much of the species decline. An additional factor is the illegal removal of these birds and their eggs for a variety of purposes including international trade.

 

Lifestyle

Social life
East African crowned cranes are social and gregarious during most of the year, moving about in flocks of up to 100 and roosting in trees or riverbeds.

Habitat
Eastern Zaire, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania. They are found in marshes and grasslands near rivers and lakes as well as near cultivated land.

Diet
Omnivorous, feeding on grains, berries, small fruits, tender roots, insect larvae, worms, snails, amphibians, reptiles, small birds and mammals, and a few fish.

Lifespan
22 years in the wild, but the oldest captive crane on record lived for 43 years.

Reproduction
Sexual maturity: 3 years.
Mating Season: Varies with the rains
Incubation: 28-35 days.
Number of young: 2-3 pale blue eggs.

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Crane, East African Crowned