Grants Gazelle

Gazelle, Grant’s

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  • Information
  • Conservation
  • Lifestyle

Description

Grant’s are built for swiftness and agility. Their compact body is coated in a primarily tan pelage with a white underside and rear, and a thick horizontal black band across the torso. Both male and female have horns, though the species is dimorphic, with thicker and longer horn sets seen in males.

Classification

Class
Mammalia
Order
Cetartiodactyla
Family
Bovidae
Genus
Nanger
Species
N. granti
Conservation Status
Least Concern

Key Facts

Height
2-3 ft (~60-91 cm)
Weight
77-176 lb (~35-80 kg)

The IUCN Red List describes Nanger granti as a species of Least Concern. Though abundant throughout East Africa, only an estimated 25% of their population is considered stable with the remainder in decline. The expansion of agriculture and competition with domestic animals appear to be the largest population threats. With the numbers continuing to decline it is only a matter of time before their status changes to Near Threatened.

Social Life
Known to be the heaviest of the gazelle, these abundant antelope may be seen in herds ranging anywhere from 10-200 individuals. Groups may be comprised of a single adult male with a small harem of females and offspring, or of larger multi-male/multi-female herds. Males are territorial and work to establish dominance by side strutting and fighting, showing off their horns and the muscles in their necks. Able to conserve water better than many antelope on the savanna, Grant’s gazelle will avoid dangerous water holes and move through vegetative patches less occupied by other African herbivores.

Habitat and Range
These antelope are highly migratory and travel seasonally through the high, well-drained grasslands in eastern Africa. The range of their habitat will incorporate semi-desert, open savannas, and treeless plains, neglecting the nearby Acacia forests.

Diet
The Grant’s gazelle is more of a grazer than a browser, consuming more leaves and stems than grasses. They intentionally feed on the available leaves in the cool evenings when each bite will contain more water than it would during the day.

Lifespan
The average lifespan ranges within 12 years.

Predators
Given their size and open habitat, Grant’s gazelle succumb to a variety of large predators. Among all of the predators, cheetah, jackals, and painted dogs seem to be the most successful.

Reproduction
Sexual maturity: Male: 18-24 months, Female: 9-12 months
Mating Season: Climate dependent
Birth Season:    Climate dependent
Gestation:          6-6.5 months
No. of Young:     1

Information

Description

Grant’s are built for swiftness and agility. Their compact body is coated in a primarily tan pelage with a white underside and rear, and a thick horizontal black band across the torso. Both male and female have horns, though the species is dimorphic, with thicker and longer horn sets seen in males.

Classification

Class
Mammalia
Order
Cetartiodactyla
Family
Bovidae
Genus
Nanger
Species
N. granti
Conservation Status
Least Concern

Key Facts

Height
2-3 ft (~60-91 cm)
Weight
77-176 lb (~35-80 kg)
Conservation

The IUCN Red List describes Nanger granti as a species of Least Concern. Though abundant throughout East Africa, only an estimated 25% of their population is considered stable with the remainder in decline. The expansion of agriculture and competition with domestic animals appear to be the largest population threats. With the numbers continuing to decline it is only a matter of time before their status changes to Near Threatened.

Lifestyle

Social Life
Known to be the heaviest of the gazelle, these abundant antelope may be seen in herds ranging anywhere from 10-200 individuals. Groups may be comprised of a single adult male with a small harem of females and offspring, or of larger multi-male/multi-female herds. Males are territorial and work to establish dominance by side strutting and fighting, showing off their horns and the muscles in their necks. Able to conserve water better than many antelope on the savanna, Grant’s gazelle will avoid dangerous water holes and move through vegetative patches less occupied by other African herbivores.

Habitat and Range
These antelope are highly migratory and travel seasonally through the high, well-drained grasslands in eastern Africa. The range of their habitat will incorporate semi-desert, open savannas, and treeless plains, neglecting the nearby Acacia forests.

Diet
The Grant’s gazelle is more of a grazer than a browser, consuming more leaves and stems than grasses. They intentionally feed on the available leaves in the cool evenings when each bite will contain more water than it would during the day.

Lifespan
The average lifespan ranges within 12 years.

Predators
Given their size and open habitat, Grant’s gazelle succumb to a variety of large predators. Among all of the predators, cheetah, jackals, and painted dogs seem to be the most successful.

Reproduction
Sexual maturity: Male: 18-24 months, Female: 9-12 months
Mating Season: Climate dependent
Birth Season:    Climate dependent
Gestation:          6-6.5 months
No. of Young:     1

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Gazelle, Grant’s