Roan Antelope

Antelope, Roan

Share:

  • Information
  • Conservation
  • Lifestyle

Description

Roan antelope have a reddish-brown coat with a distinctive black and white facial mask. They have long, narrow ears with a tuft of black hair on the tip. Both sexes have heavily ridged horns that curve back from the head and can reach 2-3 ft (60-100 cm) in length.

Classification

Class
Mammalia
Order
Cetartiodactyla
Family
Bovidae
Genus
Hippotragus
Species
H. equines
Conservation Status
Least Concern

Key Facts

Height
4.5-5 ft (~140-160 cm)
Weight
495-660 lb (~225-300 kg)

The IUCN Red List describes Hippotragus equinus as a species of Least Concern with a population estimated at 76,000 individuals. Recently their populations have declined due to habitat loss, agricultural encroachment, hunting and poaching.

Social Life
Roan are usually active during the cooler parts of the day, in the morning and evening. They are social and have been observed in herds of up to 35 individuals, thought they are more commonly found in groups of 5-15. Their herds are made up of a single dominate male and a harem of females and their young. As with most harems there is also a dominance hierarchy among females, with one dominant female leader. Juvenile males form bachelor herds of 2-10 individuals when they are around 3 years of age until they reach maturity, and then become solitary and territorial. Fighting for dominance is common among both males and females. These fights occur with both animals on their front knees clashing their horns against each other. Roan are formidable opponents, charging and brandishing their horns with skill. If threatened they will run away from the threat for a short distance, then stop to look back. When pressured, they can run up to (35 mph) (57 kph) for considerable distances.

Habitat and Range
Roan are found in grasslands and lightly wooded savannas from south of the Sahara to Botswana.

Diet
Roan are typically grazers that consume grasses, but will browse for leaves if grasses are unavailable. They must frequently drink water and are rarely found more than 2-3 mi (3-4 km) from a permanent water source.

Lifespan
Typically roan will live up to 17 years in both captivity and in the wild.

Predators
Roan antelope will fight aggressively when threatened, making healthy adults relatively invulnerable to predation.  Large predators such as lions, leopards, spotted hyenas, crocodiles and painted dogs will prey upon young, sick and elderly roan.

Reproduction
Sexual maturity: Male: 2.5-3 years, Female: 2.5-3 years
Mating Season: Year-round
Birth Season:     Year-round
Gestation:           8.5-9.3 months
No. of Young:      1

Information

Description

Roan antelope have a reddish-brown coat with a distinctive black and white facial mask. They have long, narrow ears with a tuft of black hair on the tip. Both sexes have heavily ridged horns that curve back from the head and can reach 2-3 ft (60-100 cm) in length.

Classification

Class
Mammalia
Order
Cetartiodactyla
Family
Bovidae
Genus
Hippotragus
Species
H. equines
Conservation Status
Least Concern

Key Facts

Height
4.5-5 ft (~140-160 cm)
Weight
495-660 lb (~225-300 kg)
Conservation

The IUCN Red List describes Hippotragus equinus as a species of Least Concern with a population estimated at 76,000 individuals. Recently their populations have declined due to habitat loss, agricultural encroachment, hunting and poaching.

Lifestyle

Social Life
Roan are usually active during the cooler parts of the day, in the morning and evening. They are social and have been observed in herds of up to 35 individuals, thought they are more commonly found in groups of 5-15. Their herds are made up of a single dominate male and a harem of females and their young. As with most harems there is also a dominance hierarchy among females, with one dominant female leader. Juvenile males form bachelor herds of 2-10 individuals when they are around 3 years of age until they reach maturity, and then become solitary and territorial. Fighting for dominance is common among both males and females. These fights occur with both animals on their front knees clashing their horns against each other. Roan are formidable opponents, charging and brandishing their horns with skill. If threatened they will run away from the threat for a short distance, then stop to look back. When pressured, they can run up to (35 mph) (57 kph) for considerable distances.

Habitat and Range
Roan are found in grasslands and lightly wooded savannas from south of the Sahara to Botswana.

Diet
Roan are typically grazers that consume grasses, but will browse for leaves if grasses are unavailable. They must frequently drink water and are rarely found more than 2-3 mi (3-4 km) from a permanent water source.

Lifespan
Typically roan will live up to 17 years in both captivity and in the wild.

Predators
Roan antelope will fight aggressively when threatened, making healthy adults relatively invulnerable to predation.  Large predators such as lions, leopards, spotted hyenas, crocodiles and painted dogs will prey upon young, sick and elderly roan.

Reproduction
Sexual maturity: Male: 2.5-3 years, Female: 2.5-3 years
Mating Season: Year-round
Birth Season:     Year-round
Gestation:           8.5-9.3 months
No. of Young:      1

Share:

Antelope, Roan